Official data shows that approximately 104,000 children are being raised in Ukrainian institutional care facilities, i. e. residential care homes and children’s social protection institutions. However, only around 10,000 children have lost their parents or are deprived of parental care, all the rest have parents.
In Ukraine, there are 774 residential care and child protection institutions, including 605 facilities subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (specialised comprehensive boarding schools for children needing correction of physical and(or) mental development, boarding schools for children needing social care, specialised comprehensive boarding schools with advanced study of particular subjects and courses, boarding lyceums, boarding gymnasiums, boarding colleges, comprehensive sanatorium boarding schools, orphanages, education and rehabilitation centres), 131 facilities subordinated to the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine (children’s residential care homes, centres for children’s social and psychological rehabilitation, children’s shelter care facilities), and 38 child care centres subordinated to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.
According to the Commissioner of the President of Ukraine for Children’s Rights, on the average 250 children are placed into Ukrainian institutional care facilities every 3 days, and every 35th child is being raised at a residential facility of the appropriate type.
For financing residential care facilities, the state allocates more than UAH 5 billion, but 70% of this amount are used for payroll expenses, 11 % for utilities, and only 12% are the direct expenses for the care of children (meals, treatment, clothes, footwear). As can be seen, the total amount spent is huge, but given the number of such institutions and children in them, as well as the percentage-based distribution of available financing, it appears to be impossible to provide children with all necessary things using only these funds.
Another problem of raising children in care institutions is the psychological side. No matter how attentive and careful child minders in orphanages are, still they will never replace real parents and the joy of being raised in a family. Besides, in residential care facilities children do not develop the social skills needed for every person to live in society. As researches show, inmates of orphan boarding schools are most afraid to complete their studies there, haunted by the concerns of whether they will be able to get good education, profession, find a job, a place to live, and have enough money for clothes, food, and medicines.
These children need help from society, and only adults are able to create appropriate conditions for children’s growth and painless adaptation to the social environment.
create favourable conditions for children growing up in orphanages, residential care facilities, by providing material support to such institutions;
improve the psychological condition of orphan children, children deprived of parental care, and disabled children;
ensure rapid adaptation of orphans and disabled children to the community after leaving children’s institutional care facilities.
Techniques and methods:
Searching for benefactors, fund raising to provide assistance to facilities for orphan children, children deprived of parental care, and disabled children;
Organizing psychological trainings and entertainments for orphan children, children deprived of parental care, and disabled children;
Providing opportunities for children’s treatment, health improvement, rehabilitation;
Organising cultural, educational, and sporting events involving targeted groups of children;
Inviting children from orphanages to attend cultural and educational events to support them and facilitate their comprehensive development;
Information support to children’s institutional care facilities;
Engaging volunteer organisations in the project’s implementation.
central governmental and local authorities, charitable organisations, volunteer organisations, celebrities.